What do we know about the influence of vacuum on bacterial biocenosis used in environmental biotechnologies?

The article aims to show the increased interest in the applications of vacuum in the area of environmental biotechnology and the lack of research related to the effects of vacuum on bacteria and microbial communities.

Information on the impact of vacuum on bacteria is limited and often comes from unrelated research fields. In most cases (astrobiology research, food preservation technologies), the exposure of microorganisms in vacuum is permanent for the whole life of a cell. In environmental science applications, the exposure of microorganisms containing media such as sludge or soil in vacuum is rather persistent, and lower values of vacuum are used.

Individual Reaction Mix 4

G065-4 200 reactions
EUR 167

pLenti-CLDN1 shRNA-4 Plasmid

PVTBAV04867-4 2 ug
EUR 356

Feline IL-4 Recombinant Protein

R00230-4 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: IL-4 has many biological roles, including the stimulation of activated B-cell and T-cell proliferation, and the differentiation of CD4+ T-cells into Th2 cells. It is a key regulator in humoral and adaptive immunity. Feline IL-4 Recombinant Protein is purified interleukin-4 produced in yeast.

Mouse FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20507 1 ml Ask for price

Mouse FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20508 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

Rat FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20533 1 ml Ask for price

Rat FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20534 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

Human FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-21552 1 ml Ask for price

Human FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-21553 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 120V

6780-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

Recombinant Human PF-4 (CXCL4) Protein

PROTP02776-4 20ug
EUR 317
Description: PF-4 is a CXC chemokine that is expressed in megakaryocytes and stored in the α-granules of platelets. PF-4 is chemotactic towards neutrophils and monocytes and has been shown to inhibit angiogenesis. Recombinant human PF-4 is a 7.8 kDa protein containing 70 amino acid residues, including the four highly conserved residues present in CXC chemokines.

Recombinant Human 4-1BB Receptor Protein

PROTQ07011-4 20ug
EUR 317
Description: 4-1BB Receptor, a member of the TNF superfamily of receptors, is mainly expressed on the surface of a variety of T cells, but also found in B cells, monocytes, and various transformed cell lines. 4-1BB Receptor binds to 4-1BBL to provide a co-stimulatory signal for T lymphocytes. Signaling by 4-1BB Receptor has been implicated in the antigen-presentation process and generation of cytotoxic T cells. The human 4-1BB Receptor gene codes for a 255 amino acid type I transmembrane protein containing a 17 amino acid N-terminal signal sequence, a 169 amino acid extracellular domain, a 27 amino acid transmembrane domain and a 42 amino acid cytoplasmic domain. Recombinant human soluble 4-1BB Receptor is a 167 amino acid polypeptide (17.7 kDa), which contains the cysteine rich TNFR-like extracellular domain of 4-1BB Receptor.

Bone Dissociation System 4 (Osteoblasts), Adult Mouse

4-20214 ea Ask for price

Liver Dissociation System 4 (Hepatocytes, rat), Rat

4-20304 ea Ask for price

Pituitary Dissociation System 4 (Pituitary), Adult mouse

4-20404 ea Ask for price

Thymus Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial), Adult rat

4-20444 ea Ask for price

Cartilage Dissociation System 4 (Chondrocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20234 ea Ask for price

Mammary Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial, Swiss 3T3), Mouse

4-20324 ea Ask for price

Pancreas Dissociation System 4 (Islets), Mouse and Rat

4-20374 ea Ask for price

Skin Dissociation System 4 (Keratinocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20434 ea Ask for price

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 230V-EU PLUG

6781-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 230V-UK PLUG

6782-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 4 (Predipocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20194 ea Ask for price

Brain Dissociation System 4 (Endothelial, Microvessels), Mouse and Rat

4-20224 ea Ask for price

Endothelial Dissociation System 4 (Endothelial,Cerebral), Mouse and Rat

4-20244 ea Ask for price

Heart Dissociation System 4 (Myocytes,Ventricles), Mouse and Rat

4-20274 ea Ask for price

Muscle Dissociation System 4 (Smooth muscle), Mouse and Rat

4-20334 ea Ask for price

Parotid Dissociation System 4 (Parotid acinar), Mouse and Rat

4-20394 ea Ask for price

Epithelial Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial,Submandibular salivary), Mouse and Rat

4-20254 ea Ask for price

Heart Dissociation System 4 (Retinal pigment epithelial), Mouse and Rat

4-20294 ea Ask for price

Lung Dissociation System 4 (Alveolar type II), Mouse and Rat

4-20314 ea Ask for price

Reproductive Tissue Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial, vagina), Mouse and Rat

4-20414 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Plasma, 4 vials)

M1040-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Plasma, 4 vials)

M1041-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Serum, 4 vials)

M1042-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Serum, 4 vials)

M1043-4
EUR 1132

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Urine, 4 vials)

M1044-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Urine, 4 vials)

M1045-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Saliva, 4 vials)

M1046-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Saliva, 4 vials)

M1047-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, U87 MG, 4 vials)

M1054-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, U87 MG, 4 vials)

M1055-4
EUR 1142

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-10ug 10ug
EUR 110
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Cycloheximide

C001-1G 1 g
EUR 67

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-1mg 1mg
EUR 1268
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-500ug 500ug
EUR 811
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Formaldehyde Standard, 500UL

C001-500UL 500UL
EUR 123

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-50ug 50ug
EUR 232
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Cycloheximide

C001-5x1G 5 x 1 g
EUR 153

T-Pro Separating or Resolving Buffer

JB03-C001 500ml/BT
EUR 152

DiagNano Avidin Silica Particles, 300 nm

DNG-C001 2 mL
EUR 627

DiagPoly Avidin Coated Polystyrene Particles, 0.7-0.9 µm

DNM-C001 10 mL
EUR 1010

Absolute Mag Oleic Acid Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, 5 nm

WNM-C001 2 mL
EUR 559

Adrenal Dissociation System 4 (Heart, Adrenal chromaffin, Paraneurons), Mouse and Rat

4-20204 ea Ask for price

Kidney Dissociation System 4 (Inner medullary duct,Papillae), Mouse and Rat

4-29294 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, COLO1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1048-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, COLO1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1049-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, MM1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1050-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, MM1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1051-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 4 vials)

M1052-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 4 vials)

M1053-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, HCT116 cell line, 4 vials)

M1058-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, HCT116 cell line, 4 vials)

M1059-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, PC3 cell line, 4 vials)

M1060-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, PC3 cell line, 4 vials)

M1061-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, DAUD1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1064-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, DAUD1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1065-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, A549 cell line, 4 vials)

M1066-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, A549 cell line, 4 vials)

M1067-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, B16F10 cell line, 4 vials)

M1070-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, B16F10 cell line, 4 vials)

M1071-4
EUR 1142

Tumor Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial tumor,Neoplastic, Tumor, islet), Mouse and Rat

4-20484 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BPH-1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1062-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, BPH-1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1063-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, K-562 cell line, 4 vials)

M1068-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, K-562 cell line, 4 vials)

M1069-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, SK-N-SH cell line, 4 vials)

M1056-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, SK-N-SH cell line, 4 vials)

M1057-4
EUR 1142

Neural Dissociation System 4 (Cerebella neurons Dorsa horn neurons Neurons, sympathetic Precursor Spinal), Mouse and Rat

4-20354 ea Ask for price

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

DLR-CA72-4-Hu-48T 48T
EUR 479
  • Should the Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

DLR-CA72-4-Hu-96T 96T
EUR 621
  • Should the Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit is proven to show malperformance, you will receive a refund or a free replacement.
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RD-CA72-4-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 478

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RD-CA72-4-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 662

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RDR-CA72-4-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 500

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RDR-CA72-4-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 692

PRL (Prolactin) ELISA test

4 96T/Box Ask for price
  • Area of application: Hormone testing
Description: ELISA based test for quantitative detection of PRL (Prolactin)

Recombinant Anti-BSA x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Antibody (Tandem scFv)

BSFV-c001-100ug 100μg
EUR 3794
Description: A bispecific antibody that is expressed as an anti-BSA scFv fused with an anti-CD3 scFv, contains a His-tag at the C/N terminus for affinity purification. This BsAb can be used as a negative control to other anti-CD3 BsAbs in the research of tumor therapy.

Recombinant Anti-BSA x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Antibody (Tandem scFv)

BSFV-c001-50ug 50μg
EUR 2156
Description: A bispecific antibody that is expressed as an anti-BSA scFv fused with an anti-CD3 scFv, contains a His-tag at the C/N terminus for affinity purification. This BsAb can be used as a negative control to other anti-CD3 BsAbs in the research of tumor therapy.

cDNA from Arteriosclerosis: Aorta

C1236012Hd-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Arteriosclerosis: Artery

C1236013Hd-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Pneumonia: Lung

C1236152Ld-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

rabbit anti-mouse IgG (H+L)

E22NM02-4 100ug
EUR 343

Efficiency Box refill (anti-goat)

EB-4 27 vials
EUR 101

Rev-CEM-GFP HIV Reporter Cells

HRC-4 NULL
EUR 0

ExoMS Surface Protein Capture Kit (Serum/Plasma EVs)

EXOMS100A-4 4 reactions
EUR 539
  • Category: Exosomes

ExoMS Surface Protein Capture Kit (Tissue Culture EVs)

EXOMS110A-4 4 reactions
EUR 539
  • Category: Exosomes

Exo-Check Exosome Antibody Array

EXORAY200A-4 4 arrays
EUR 540

Exo-Check Exosome Antibody Array (Neuro) Standard

EXORAY500A-4 4 arrays
EUR 690

Exo-Check Exosome Antibody Array (Neuro) Mini

EXORAY510A-4 4 arrays
EUR 467

Anti-CCL2 Antibody

A00056-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-CCR2 Antibody

A00158-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-Flt3/CD135 Antibody

A00188-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-C Reactive Protein/CRP Antibody

A00249-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-Leptin Antibody

A00479-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-CD5 Antibody

A00480-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-IL1RA/Il1rn Antibody

A00651-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-VEGFR2 (Ab-1214) Antibody

A00901-4 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal VEGFR2 (Ab-1214) Antibody. Validated in IF, IHC and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-IL12B Antibody

A01152-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-Choline Acetyltransferase/CHAT Antibody

A01192-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-HDAC5 (Ab-498) Antibody

A01230-4 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal HDAC5 (Ab-498) Antibody. Validated in IHC, WB and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-ADAM15 Antibody

A02593-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-HE4/WFDC2 Antibody

A02685-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-MORC3 Antibody

A06075-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

3X FLAG Peptide

A6001-4 4 mg
EUR 154
Description: The FLAG-tag system utilizes a short, hydrophilic 8- amino-acid peptide that is fused to the protein of interest1. The FLAG peptide binds to the antibody M1. Whether binding is calcium-dependent manner2 or ?independent3 remains controversial.

FLAG tag Peptide

A6002-4 4 mg
EUR 131
Description: A fusion tag called FLAG and consisting of eight amino acids Asp-Tyr-Lys-Asp-Asp-Asp-Asp-Lys including an enterokinase-cleavage site, was specifically designed for immunoaffinity chromatography. It allows elution under non-denaturing conditions.

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 1 (Brown fat Adipose), Mouse and Rat

4-20191 ea Ask for price

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 2 (White Fat, Vascular endothelial, Epididymal Fat, pads Fat), Mouse and Rat

4-20192 ea Ask for price

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 3 (Adipocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20193 ea Ask for price

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 5 (Brown adipocytes, Interscapular depots, Cervical depot), Mouse and Rat

4-20195 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 1 (ZG,ZFR), Mouse and Rat

4-20201 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 2 (Leydig, Adrenal), Mouse and Rat

4-20202 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 3 (Adrenocortical), Mouse and Rat

4-20203 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 5 (Adrenocortical, Decapular, Capsular, Glomerulosa), Mouse and Rat

4-20205 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 6 (Chromaffin, Endothelial, Glomerulosa), Mouse and Rat

4-20206 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 7 (Medullary), Mouse and Rat

4-20207 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 8 (Cortical), Mouse and Rat

4-20208 ea Ask for price

Adrenal Dissociation System 9 (Adrenal), Mouse and Rat

4-20209 ea Ask for price

Bone Dissociation System 1 (Chondrocytes, Neonatal bone, Osteoblastlike cells), Mouse and Rat

4-20211 ea Ask for price

Bone Dissociation System 2 (Osteoblasts, Chondrocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20212 ea Ask for price

Bone Dissociation System 3 (Vertebrae chondroblasts), Mouse and Rat

4-20213 ea Ask for price

Vacuum is used or proposed to be used in wastewater treatment, anaerobic digestion, sludge treatment, soil remediation and mining. Usually, vacuum is used to remove gases from the test medium, so a purely physical process is applied. However, most reports show the influence of vacuum on biological processes and its efficiency, as well as on the community structure.