What do we know about the influence of vacuum on bacterial biocenosis used in environmental biotechnologies?

The article aims to show the increased interest in the applications of vacuum in the area of environmental biotechnology and the lack of research related to the effects of vacuum on bacteria and microbial communities.

Information on the impact of vacuum on bacteria is limited and often comes from unrelated research fields. In most cases (astrobiology research, food preservation technologies), the exposure of microorganisms in vacuum is permanent for the whole life of a cell. In environmental science applications, the exposure of microorganisms containing media such as sludge or soil in vacuum is rather persistent, and lower values of vacuum are used.

Feline IL-4 Recombinant Protein

R00230-4 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: IL-4 has many biological roles, including the stimulation of activated B-cell and T-cell proliferation, and the differentiation of CD4+ T-cells into Th2 cells. It is a key regulator in humoral and adaptive immunity. Feline IL-4 Recombinant Protein is purified interleukin-4 produced in yeast.

Mouse FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20507 1 ml Ask for price

Mouse FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20508 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

Rat FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20533 1 ml Ask for price

Rat FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-20534 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

Human FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-21552 1 ml Ask for price

Human FibrOut 4, for brain, neural

4-21553 5 x 1 ml Ask for price

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 120V

6780-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

Recombinant Human 4-1BB Receptor Protein

PROTQ07011-4 20ug
EUR 317
Description: 4-1BB Receptor, a member of the TNF superfamily of receptors, is mainly expressed on the surface of a variety of T cells, but also found in B cells, monocytes, and various transformed cell lines. 4-1BB Receptor binds to 4-1BBL to provide a co-stimulatory signal for T lymphocytes. Signaling by 4-1BB Receptor has been implicated in the antigen-presentation process and generation of cytotoxic T cells. The human 4-1BB Receptor gene codes for a 255 amino acid type I transmembrane protein containing a 17 amino acid N-terminal signal sequence, a 169 amino acid extracellular domain, a 27 amino acid transmembrane domain and a 42 amino acid cytoplasmic domain. Recombinant human soluble 4-1BB Receptor is a 167 amino acid polypeptide (17.7 kDa), which contains the cysteine rich TNFR-like extracellular domain of 4-1BB Receptor.

Recombinant Human PF-4 (CXCL4) Protein

PROTP02776-4 20ug
EUR 317
Description: PF-4 is a CXC chemokine that is expressed in megakaryocytes and stored in the α-granules of platelets. PF-4 is chemotactic towards neutrophils and monocytes and has been shown to inhibit angiogenesis. Recombinant human PF-4 is a 7.8 kDa protein containing 70 amino acid residues, including the four highly conserved residues present in CXC chemokines.

Bone Dissociation System 4 (Osteoblasts), Adult Mouse

4-20214 ea Ask for price

Liver Dissociation System 4 (Hepatocytes, rat), Rat

4-20304 ea Ask for price

Pituitary Dissociation System 4 (Pituitary), Adult mouse

4-20404 ea Ask for price

Thymus Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial), Adult rat

4-20444 ea Ask for price

Cartilage Dissociation System 4 (Chondrocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20234 ea Ask for price

Mammary Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial, Swiss 3T3), Mouse

4-20324 ea Ask for price

Pancreas Dissociation System 4 (Islets), Mouse and Rat

4-20374 ea Ask for price

Skin Dissociation System 4 (Keratinocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20434 ea Ask for price

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 230V-EU PLUG

6781-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

DIGITAL SHAKER FOR 4 MICROPLATES, 230V-UK PLUG

6782-4 1/pk
EUR 798
Description: Lab Equipment; Shakers & Mixers

Adipose/Fat Dissociation System 4 (Predipocytes), Mouse and Rat

4-20194 ea Ask for price

Brain Dissociation System 4 (Endothelial, Microvessels), Mouse and Rat

4-20224 ea Ask for price

Endothelial Dissociation System 4 (Endothelial,Cerebral), Mouse and Rat

4-20244 ea Ask for price

Heart Dissociation System 4 (Myocytes,Ventricles), Mouse and Rat

4-20274 ea Ask for price

Muscle Dissociation System 4 (Smooth muscle), Mouse and Rat

4-20334 ea Ask for price

Parotid Dissociation System 4 (Parotid acinar), Mouse and Rat

4-20394 ea Ask for price

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-10ug 10ug
EUR 110
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-1mg 1mg
EUR 1268
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-500ug 500ug
EUR 811
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Recombinant Human Erythropoietin/EPO (C-6His)

C001-50ug 50ug
EUR 232
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH7.4.

Formaldehyde Standard, 500UL

C001-500UL 500UL
EUR 123

Cycloheximide

C001-1G 1 g
EUR 67

Cycloheximide

C001-5x1G 5 x 1 g
EUR 153

Absolute Mag Oleic Acid Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, 5 nm

WNM-C001 2 mL
EUR 559

DiagNano Avidin Silica Particles, 300 nm

DNG-C001 2 mL
EUR 627

DiagPoly Avidin Coated Polystyrene Particles, 0.7-0.9 µm

DNM-C001 10 mL
EUR 1010

T-Pro Separating or Resolving Buffer

JB03-C001 500ml/BT
EUR 152

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Plasma, 4 vials)

M1040-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Plasma, 4 vials)

M1041-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Serum, 4 vials)

M1042-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Serum, 4 vials)

M1043-4
EUR 1132

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Urine, 4 vials)

M1044-4
EUR 909

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Urine, 4 vials)

M1045-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, Human Saliva, 4 vials)

M1046-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, Human Saliva, 4 vials)

M1047-4
EUR 1137

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, U87 MG, 4 vials)

M1054-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, U87 MG, 4 vials)

M1055-4
EUR 1142

Epithelial Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial,Submandibular salivary), Mouse and Rat

4-20254 ea Ask for price

Heart Dissociation System 4 (Retinal pigment epithelial), Mouse and Rat

4-20294 ea Ask for price

Lung Dissociation System 4 (Alveolar type II), Mouse and Rat

4-20314 ea Ask for price

Reproductive Tissue Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial, vagina), Mouse and Rat

4-20414 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, COLO1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1048-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, COLO1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1049-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, MM1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1050-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, MM1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1051-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 4 vials)

M1052-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, BLCL21 cell line, 4 vials)

M1053-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, HCT116 cell line, 4 vials)

M1058-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, HCT116 cell line, 4 vials)

M1059-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, PC3 cell line, 4 vials)

M1060-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, PC3 cell line, 4 vials)

M1061-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, DAUD1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1064-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, DAUD1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1065-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, A549 cell line, 4 vials)

M1066-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, A549 cell line, 4 vials)

M1067-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, B16F10 cell line, 4 vials)

M1070-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, B16F10 cell line, 4 vials)

M1071-4
EUR 1142

Adrenal Dissociation System 4 (Heart, Adrenal chromaffin, Paraneurons), Mouse and Rat

4-20204 ea Ask for price

Kidney Dissociation System 4 (Inner medullary duct,Papillae), Mouse and Rat

4-29294 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, BPH-1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1062-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, BPH-1 cell line, 4 vials)

M1063-4
EUR 1142

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, K-562 cell line, 4 vials)

M1068-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, K-562 cell line, 4 vials)

M1069-4
EUR 1142

Tumor Dissociation System 4 (Epithelial tumor,Neoplastic, Tumor, islet), Mouse and Rat

4-20484 ea Ask for price

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (30 µg, SK-N-SH cell line, 4 vials)

M1056-4
EUR 914

ExoStd? Lyophilized Exosome Standard (100 µg, SK-N-SH cell line, 4 vials)

M1057-4
EUR 1142

Neural Dissociation System 4 (Cerebella neurons Dorsa horn neurons Neurons, sympathetic Precursor Spinal), Mouse and Rat

4-20354 ea Ask for price

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

DLR-CA72-4-Hu-48T 48T
EUR 479
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

DLR-CA72-4-Hu-96T 96T
EUR 621
Description: A sandwich quantitative ELISA assay kit for detection of Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) in samples from serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates or other biological fluids.

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RD-CA72-4-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 478

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RD-CA72-4-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 662

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RDR-CA72-4-Hu-48Tests 48 Tests
EUR 500

Human Carbohydrate Antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) ELISA Kit

RDR-CA72-4-Hu-96Tests 96 Tests
EUR 692

PRL (Prolactin) ELISA test

4 96T/Box Ask for price
Description: ELISA based test for quantitative detection of PRL (Prolactin)

Recombinant Anti-BSA x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Antibody (Tandem scFv)

BSFV-c001-100ug 100μg
EUR 3794
Description: A bispecific antibody that is expressed as an anti-BSA scFv fused with an anti-CD3 scFv, contains a His-tag at the C/N terminus for affinity purification. This BsAb can be used as a negative control to other anti-CD3 BsAbs in the research of tumor therapy.

Recombinant Anti-BSA x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Antibody (Tandem scFv)

BSFV-c001-50ug 50μg
EUR 2156
Description: A bispecific antibody that is expressed as an anti-BSA scFv fused with an anti-CD3 scFv, contains a His-tag at the C/N terminus for affinity purification. This BsAb can be used as a negative control to other anti-CD3 BsAbs in the research of tumor therapy.

cDNA from Arteriosclerosis: Aorta

C1236012Hd-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Arteriosclerosis: Artery

C1236013Hd-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Pneumonia: Lung

C1236152Ld-4 40 reactions
EUR 811
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Frozen Tissue Section - Arteriosclerosis: Aorta

T1236012Hd-4 5 slides
EUR 976
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Arteriosclerosis: Artery

T1236013Hd-4 5 slides
EUR 976
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Pneumonia: Lung

T1236152Ld-4 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Bone Tumor: Chondrosarcoma, Grade I - II

T2235023-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Brain Tumor: Craniopharyngioma

T2235035-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Breast Tumor: Male Breast Hyperplasia

T2235086-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Esophagus Tumor: Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Poorly Differentiated

T2235106-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Kidney Tumor: Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma

T2235142-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Human Liver Tumor: Hepatocellular Carcinoma

T2235149-4 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Pneumonia: Lung

T2236152Ld-4 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

100 bp DNA Ladder Plus, loading dye included, 250 ug, 0.5 ug per lane

Z6030001-4 500 lanes
EUR 259

Genomic DNA from Pneumonia: Lung, from a single donor

D1236152Ld-4 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Arteriosclerosis: Aorta, from a single donor

D1236012Hd-4 50 ug
EUR 984
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Arteriosclerosis: Aorta

P1236012Hd-4 1 mg
EUR 804
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Pneumonia: Lung

P1236152Ld-4 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Custom siRNA

M1253-4
EUR 365

Chemically Modified siRNA

M1254-4
EUR 419

Fluorescent labeled siRNA

M1255-4
EUR 485

ss miRNA mimics

M1259-4
EUR 408

ds miRNA mimics

M1262-4
EUR 408

miRNA Inhibitor

M1265-4
EUR 408

Neuronal Transdifferentiation Modulators Set III

K874-4
EUR 414

StemBoost? Growth Factor Set V

K881-4
EUR 697

StemBoost? Growth Factor Set VII

K883-4
EUR 697

DiscoveryPak? Stem Cell Fate Regulator Set VIII (VC6T)

K887-4
EUR 446

DiscoveryPak? CETP Inhibitors Set

S225-4
EUR 446

DiscoveryPak? SGLT-2 Inhibitors Set

S235-4
EUR 479

BCIP

K2191050-4 150 ul
EUR 137
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Adenovirus Maxi Purification Kit

K1301-4
EUR 860

Adeno-associated Virus Maxi Purification Kit

K1303-4
EUR 903

Lentivirus Maxi Purification Kit

K1306-4
EUR 860

Retrovirus Maxi Purification Kit

K1308-4
EUR 860

HCV Maxi Purification Kit

K1310-4
EUR 903

Adeno-associated Virus Maxi Purification Kit, all serotypes

K1311-4
EUR 887

CNMCS Compartmental Protein Extraction Kit: Buffer M

K3013010-4 6 ml
EUR 114
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

96-well Viral DNA/RNA Kit

K1417-4
EUR 1023

Anti-CCL2 Antibody

A00056-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-CCR2 Antibody

A00158-4 100ug/vial
EUR 294

Anti-Flt3/CD135 Antibody

A00188-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-C Reactive Protein/CRP Antibody

A00249-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Anti-Leptin Antibody

A00479-4 100ug/vial
EUR 334

Vacuum is used or proposed to be used in wastewater treatment, anaerobic digestion, sludge treatment, soil remediation and mining. Usually, vacuum is used to remove gases from the test medium, so a purely physical process is applied. However, most reports show the influence of vacuum on biological processes and its efficiency, as well as on the community structure.